SOCIO-CULTURAL FACTORS OF MATERNAL INFANT MORBIMORTALITY, WAYÚU COMMUNITY, JURISDICTION OF NAZARET, MUNICIPALITY OF URIBÍA DEPARTMENT OF LA GUAJIRA.
The research team identified a significant problem regarding maternal and infant morbidity and mortality rates in the Wayuu community of Nazareth, Colombia. They gathered information from two sources: a university student from the Wayuu ethnic group who reported the concerning situation within the village, and data from various agencies and reports, which confirmed a rise in morbidity and mortality rates from 2015 to 2019. Further investigation revealed that several factors, including socioeconomic and cultural conditions unique to the Wayuu community and limited access to healthcare services, were contributing to this issue. The Wayuu community's customs and traditional health practices also played a role. Given the complexity of the problem, the research aims to deeply study the sociocultural factors affecting maternal and infant health in the Wayuu community. The goal is to develop a scientific understanding of how these factors influence morbidity and mortality rates and, ultimately, to design public health policies that integrate traditional Wayuu medicine and worldview with state healthcare practices. This approach seeks to bridge the gap between two distinct cultures and improve the health and well-being of pregnant women and children in the Wayuu community, with the potential to extend these solutions to the broader Wayuu population in Colombia.