Development model of entrepreneurial skills in adolescents between 13 and 19 years old. Case of the Departamento del Atlántico
An empirical-analytical, explanatory, non-experimental, transactional study based on correlational/causal designs, from the temporal perspective was prepared where the design is contemporary and bivariate; with respect to the amplitude and organization of the data. This research work sought to correlate entrepreneurial capacity (dependent variable) with the key factors for the development of entrepreneurial capabilities (independent variables). The population and sample consisted of 1,579 Colombian adolescents attending secondary school in official institutions located in both urban and rural geographic areas; with an average age of 16 years, selected through a stratified random sampling method; 685 were female and 894 were male, with an age range between 13 and 19 years. The following aspects were taken into account as inclusion criteria: being 13 years old at the time of instrument application and, in case of being of legal age, still studying in basic secondary education; being enrolled in an educational institution; currently studying in secondary education, with no differential approach or positive or negative discrimination related to physical features, age, sex, and sexual, ethnic, or religious preferences. To study entrepreneurial capabilities, an instrument was designed to assess personal and academic information, academic training, occupation of the family group, previous participation in entrepreneurship, or previous conceptions and entrepreneurship training. The instrument has a Likert scale to evaluate personal factors and is made up of 39 items grouped into 5 personal factors, with six anchor adjectives, ranging from never to always. The rating of the items ranges from 1 to 6, where 1 is the lowest score and 6 is the highest; with the possibility of a total attitude score of 234 points. The Likert scale is designed to evaluate the organized entrepreneurial skills categories. Initially, it was given to six expert pairs for validation and then piloted for validation, with the participation of 257 adolescents, that is, 16.27% of the sample The six anchor adjectives were designed in even numbers in order to avoid the fact that the evaluated person is oriented to an intermediate value, thus reducing objectivity and precision in the evaluation process. Values 1, 2, and 3 show unfavorability toward the profile in question, while ratings 4, 5 and 6 show favorability.
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