Entrepreneurial attributes of Venezuelan migrants in Gramalote, Norte de Santander, Colombia

Published: 17 May 2023| Version 2 | DOI: 10.17632/9w26bzjzrw.2


The data come from a structured instrument applied to a population of 88 Venezue-lan migrants over 18 years of age who are entrepreneurs of productive units in the urban area of the municipality of Gramalote, Norte de Santander, Colombia. The population consulted for this study represents 45.36 per cent of the population registered by the mi-gration authority in this municipality (Immigration authorities report 194 immigrants registered as of 31 December 2020 (Colombia Migration 2020)). Geographically, the study sample is located in the municipality of Gramalote, Norte de Santander, Colombia, bordering Venezuela. In 2020, due to the fact that Norte de Santander was the department with the third highest unemployment rate in Colombia, registering 21% and a variation of 6.4 percentage points with respect to the previous year (Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística [DANE] 2020), and due to the willingness of Venezuelan migrants to live in the country, it is important to know the entrepreneurial attributes established in the literature; factors to consider in the policies of the Colombian State in terms of education programmes and formalisation of the labour market. These data correspond to the research project "Towards a globalising view of the impact of the Venezuelan migration crisis", code: C2032170819, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Colombia.


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This primary data originates from a structured survey consisting of two parts: 1. Socio-demographic variables. 2. Context variables (used to determine the personality and behavioural traits associated with entrepreneurial motivation, which explain the perceived self-confidence of Venezuelan entrepreneurs). The instrument was composed of 55 items, grouped into nine factors of motivational perception, with a Likert scale measurement level defined by 5 categories: Never = 1, Rarely = 2, Sometimes = 3, Usually = 4 and Always = 5. The processing and analysis of the data was carried out with the SPSS package version 24. These data are the product of the research project "Hacia una mirada globalizante del impacto de la crisis migratoria venezolana" [Towards a globalising view of the impact of the Venezuelan migration crisis], code: C2032170819, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Colombia, approved by the bioethics committee of the University. To use these data, SPSS software in any of its versions is required.


Universidad Simon Bolivar


Entrepreneurship, Database Migration, Self-Confidence, Risk, Migration, Pandemic