Characteristics of patients with recurrence of ulcer due to chronic venous insufficiency in patients
Background: Chronic venous disease is a pathology derived from anatomical or functional alterations of the venous system. The objective of this study was to determine the characteristics of patients with recurrence of ulcer due to chronic venous disease in users of the clinical wound program of a tertiary hospital in Tunja. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective and cross-sectional study was carried out in the period 2017 to 2019, which included patients older than 18 years of age with a diagnosis of vascular ulcer due to chronic venous disease. Results: The prevalence of recurrence was 15.7%. The mean age of the participants was 65 years, where 72.7% were women and 77.3% of the participants lived alone. Hypertension (72.7%) and overweight (45.5%) were the comorbidities that occurred with the highest frequency. The lower limb most affected was the left with 68.2%. People spent 50.9 minutes a day with the limb elevated and 6.6 hours a day in a standing position. Conclusions: The prevalence of ulcer recurrence due to chronic venous disease in the present study is lower than that reported in the literature, where the female population, 65 years of age, is affected, associated with multiple comorbidities such as overweight, malnutrition, smoking, dyslipidemia, among others. It most frequently affects the lower left limb and the most commonly used procedures are surgical (varicosafenectomy) and medium and high pressure compression therapy. Based on this study, other institutions are invited to evaluate wound management programs in order to analyze the impact and learn about this population group.